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eridani

Profile Information

Gender: Female
Hometown: Washington state
Home country: USA
Current location: Directly above the center of the earth
Member since: Sat Aug 16, 2003, 01:52 AM
Number of posts: 51,905

About Me

Major policy wonk interests: health care, Social Security/Medicare/Medicaid, election integrity

Journal Archives

Medicare is NOT bankrupt!

Understanding the Medicare Trust Fund

In their recently released report, the Medicare trustees have projected that the Part A trust fund, also known as the Medicare Hospital Insurance (HI) trust fund, will remain solvent through 2024. This is the same conclusion that the trustees made last year. Reforms included in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) have strengthened Medicare’s financial outlook and extended solvency through 2024.

The Part A trust fund and its solvency are frequently misunderstood. The trust fund is a financing mechanism for Medicare Part A, which covers inpatient services such as hospital stays and skilled nursing facility care. The trust fund is financed through a combination of payroll taxes and other revenues. Although, as noted above, the trustees have recently reported that the trust fund is solvent through 2024; that does not mean that the trust fund or Medicare will cease to exist in 2025. The trustees found that the Part A trust fund will be able to cover 100 percent of the costs of Medicare’s Part A benefits through 2024. After 2024, the trust fund will still be able to provide coverage, though at a lesser rate. According to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (CBPP), starting in 2025, Medicare will still be able to cover 87 percent of all inpatient costs, and over the next 75 years, the trust fund, on average, will be able to cover 74 percent of Medicare’s inpatient costs. A number of factors can affect the Medicare Part A trust fund. For example, since the trust fund is partially paid for through payroll taxes, an economic downturn could result in less people paying into the system. As the economy recovers, so will the trust fund.

Medicare Part B, which covers outpatient services such as visits to doctors’ offices, and Medicare Part D, which covers prescription drugs, are financed through beneficiary premiums and general revenues, not through the trust fund.

While action will need to be taken to make up for the future financing shortfalls of Medicare Part A after 2024, it is important to recall that congress has been taking this kind of action since 1970 to extend the life of the trust fund to ensure that people with Medicare are able to access affordable, comprehensive and quality coverage. Unfortunately, supporters of drastic changes to Medicare, such as premium support, point to the potential insolvency of the trust fund to justify proposals that would shift substantially higher out of pocket costs onto beneficiaries and their families as well as undermine the consumer protections and guaranteed benefits that the Medicare program currently provides. Strengthening the Medicare trust fund can be done without gutting Medicare’s guarantees.

Read Medicare Rights President Joe Baker’s statement on the release of the 2012 Medicare and Social Security Trustees Report.http://www.medicarerights.org/newsroom/pressreleases/2012_16.html

Read the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities report, “Medicare is not Bankrupt.”http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm?fa=view&id=3532

Read the Center for Medicare and Medicare Services press release and Trustees Reporthttp://www.medicarerights.org/newsroom/pressreleases/2012_16.html

Wellpoint eliminates plans with a higher than average number of sick people

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702304811304577365640340787690.html
The Wall Street Journal
WellPoint's Profit, Membership Shrinks

WellPoint Inc. reported a 7.6% decline in first-quarter earnings and a decrease in members, but the health insurer also gave indications that the problems affecting its Northern California business are easing.

While health insurers, in general, have benefited from the sluggish pace of patient visits to operating rooms and doctors' offices, WellPoint's gains have been muted by unexpectedly high costs for seniors in Northern California, where the company picked up thousands of members with expensive health issues.

The company has said it has fixed the problem by walking away from the difficult market, which is part of some planned membership losses for the new year aimed at boosting profit margins.


Comment by Don McCanne of PNJP: What is a private commercial insurer to do when when one or more of their plans has thousands of members with expensive health issues? Walk away, of course. That's exactly what WellPoint did with its expensive plan membership in Northern California.

What else can you expect from a private, for-profit health insurer? It is first and foremost a business, which must never allow its role of patient service to interfere with its profit mission.

Insurers providing Medicare Advantage plans are prohibited from exercising favorable selection - cherry picking, cream skimming, or whatever - but what do you call it when they dump an entire plan population of sicker than average patients? That's worse than cherry picking individuals because that involves an entire plan population.

The plans have figured out how to cheat on the Medicare adjustments for adverse selection when their patients are actually healthier and less expensive than average. They just haven't figured out how to cheat when their patients are less healthy. They certainly don't want to make them look healthier which would then adjust downward their payment rates. No, walking away from their sicker populations seems to be their only answer.

And what is the Obama administration doing about this? Not only do they let them walk away from high-cost populations, they also are rewarding these overpaid plans with extra "quality award" money - a phony guise since these awards are going to almost all plans regardless of how mediocre their quality scoring. This is really a money allocation scheme designed to enable plans to offer extra benefits in order to entice patients away from the traditional Medicare program. Numerous releases from HHS have bragged about the increased enrollment in these private Medicare Advantage plans. Why are they promoting and awarding such a despicable industry?

President Eisenhower warned us about the military-industrial complex. Arnold Relman warned us about the medical-industrial complex. But what about the government-private insurer industry complex. That one is killing us... literally.

My comment: "But what do you call it when they dump an entire plan population of sicker than average patients?" Lemon dropping.

Is HHS serious about controlling insurance premiums?

Is HHS serious about controlling insurance premiums?
http://www.pnhp.org/news/2010/december/is-hhs-serious-about-controlling-insurance-premiums

As far as setting a threshold for selecting the level of unreasonable premium increases which would be reviewed, Health and Human Services (HHS) has decided that plans with less than 10 percent premium increases would not be reviewed. That is a level well in excess of measures of medical cost inflation. Imagine compounded premium increases of 9.99 percent per year on top of premiums that are already unaffordable.

An improved Medicare for all... has to be better than a 9.9 percent compounded increase in premiums that we would be mandated to pay to the perverse, intrusive private insurance industry.


Buck Consultants, A Xerox Company
April 5, 2012
Small Comfort: Health Care Costs Projected to Increase Less Than 10 Percent, First Time in Decade
http://www.buckconsultants.com/portals/0/publications/press-releases/PR-2012-NHCTS.pdf

Costs for all types of medical plans are expected to increase by 9.9percent for 2012, according to a survey by Buck Consultants, A Xerox Company (NYSE: XRX).

In a national survey of 129 insurers and administrators, Buck measured the projected average annual increase in employer-provided health care benefit costs. Insurers and administrators providing medical trends for the survey cover a total of approximately 109 million people.

Health insurers use trend factors to calculate premium rates, and large self-funded employers use these trend factors to budget their future health care costs.

Buck?s National Health Care Trend - 24th Survey

9.9% - Preferred Provider Organization (PPO)
9.9% - Point-of-service (POS)
9.9% - Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)
9.9% - High Deductible Health Plan (HDHP)

Comment by Don McCanne of PNHP: Buck Consultants has completed a survey of insurers and administrators showing that each and every form of employer-provided health plan is projecting cost increases of 9.9 percent. Is it a mere coincidence that all of these increases are just below the 10 percent threshold for subjecting insurance premium rate increases to federal government review?

Even though many employers self-fund their plans, the 9.9 percent figure supposedly represents projected increases in total medical plan costs for this year, and not just increases in health care costs. In recent decades, health care spending has increased at rates about 2 percent higher than the growth of GDP which ideally grows at a rate between 2 and 4 percent. The combined total is still less than the increases in insurance premiums, now pegged at about 9.9 percent.

How long can we anticipate having government-sanctioned 9.9 percent annually-compounded private insurance rate increases?

Regardless, isn't it time that we eliminate employers and private insurers as intermediaries in our health care financing? We would give ourselves a much better deal through our own public financing system.

My comment: No wonder MA still has 50% of its bankruptcy cases caused by health care expenses.

Health Care Reform—the Charade of Regulation

Advocates of HCR claim that a fresh new regulatory regime will control costs to the point where imposing mandates on everyone to buy overpriced underinsurance would be justified. This claim rests mainly on four features—

• An end to refusing policies and price discrimination for people with pre-existing conditions
• An end to recissions of existing policies when people get expensively sick
• Immediate sunshine on price gouging to discourage excessive price increases by insurance companies through review and disclosure of insurance rate increases
• Requiring premium refunds if insurance companies exceed a specified medical loss ratio (MLR)

Unfortunately, none of these proposals, however helpful in and of themselves, will have any effect whatsoever on controlling health care costs.

Ending pre-existing condition discrimination

There is nothing in the legislation to restrict insurance companies from using this as a justification to jack their premiums sky-high for everybody. Older people can be charged 3 times more, and age certainly has to qualify as a pre-existing condition. Also, there is no mention of what recourse you have should you be turned down for, say, having a bad credit record.

Ending recissions

That would be nice, and I really wish that the legislation as written actually said that. What it does say is that recissions will be eliminated except in the case of fraud. Can somebody please explain why the insurance companies will not be able to drive a whole fleet of very large trucks through that loophole? And there is no mention of what happens when you get dropped because you are unable to afford the premium one month.

Another huge problem is that it leaves regulation to the states, which for all practical purposes is not regulation at all. California has a law against recissions already, but they are not enforcing it at the moment because they can’t afford to.

The sunshine provision

It’s astonishing that anyone could call this regulation and still keep a straight face. What it amounts to is a list of very naughty boys and girls. And they’d better watch out, because if they don’t straighten up and fly right, they’re going to wind up on that very same list again next year.

Medical loss ratio requirements

Unfortunately, 15 states either have these requirements now or have had them in the past(1), and they have not had even the slightest effect on escalating health care costs. Of course it’s helpful for some people to get premium rebates, but despite that, the cost of premiums keeps on skyrocketing, 45,000 a year keep dying for lack of the money to pay for health care, and 300,000+ keep going bankrupt due to medical bills (the majority of whom had insurance that was mostly better than the strictly catastrophic "bronze" underinsurance that will be mandated under “reform”).

Locking the barn door after the horse gets away is not regulation in any sense of the word, as demonstrated by the following real life example.

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Sarkisian:

We were sorry to hear that your daughter Nataline died because CIGNA denied your claim for her liver transplant. However, you will be glad to know that we have analyzed CIGNA’s medical loss ratio and that all of their customers are entitled to premium refunds. Isn’t that wonderful?

Yours truly,
Dr. Pangloss


Another possibility—allowing lawsuits against insurance companies for claims denial

HCR does not have any restrictions whatsoever against denials of particular claims, and it is this practice that is a major cause of so many deaths and bankruptcies. People are not allowed to sue companies for denying claims. Representative Jim McDermott (WA-07) is drafting an amendment which would allow such lawsuits. I think it’s a very good idea, but it suffers from the same problem as attempting regulation by mandating specific medical loss ratios—the remedy comes too late to do any good. Mr. and Mrs. Sarkisian would undoubtedly appreciate the money if they sued CIGNA and won, but they would surely prefer that their daughter had gotten the treatment she needed in the first place.

In addition, legal remedies generally increase health care costs. This is already true of medical malpractice lawsuits (even though the cost increases as a cause of our high per capita medical costs are vastly overrated by the tort reform crowd). In no other developed country do people constantly make use of the legal system to get the money needed to pay for the ongoing medical bills necessitated by poor medical outcomes. Note that this motivation to sue is exactly the same regardless of whether or not such outcomes were caused by actual malpractice. The reason for this is that those extra costs are automatically paid by societies which guarantee health care as a right, and therefore there is no need for anyone to initiate a tort lawsuit in order get the money to pay them.

(One of the reasons that we lead the developed world in medical error rates(2) is that private employer-based insurers are constantly forcing people to change providers with their endlessly mutating preferred provider lists. Nothing in the proposed legislation deals with this issue.)

Real regulation

Because the largest risk pools will always be the cheapest, health insurance will always trend toward being a monopoly. Wherever natural monopolies exist, society absolutely must regulate them so that citizens do not get ripped off for huge sums of money. We learned this more than a hundred years ago with respect to electrical power grids. At that time, many publicly owned utilities were established and the remainder were put under strict regulation by public utility commissions. When historical amnesia finally set in during the last years of the 20th century, deregulation insured that Enron and Reliant were able to rob energy consumers on the west coast of billions of dollars during a fake “energy crisis”. The corporate-controlled media rarely pointed out that cities with municipally owned utilities didn’t have any brownouts during the “crisis”. All American health insurance companies are Enron. Just as Enron withheld energy from the market to drive up prices and profits, so do insurance companies deny care in order to increase profits.

There is no such thing as health care reform without strict regulation of health care costs. It can be done by outright government ownership of the health care delivery system (Britain, Scandinavia), government monopoly of health insurance (Canada, Taiwan), or strict government regulation of private insurance (the Netherlands, France, Japan). The third method can certainly work as well as the first two in practice—too bad that nothing in current “reform” comes remotely close to that.

Real regulation of mandated private insurance in the Netherlands results in policies that cost 100 euros/month/adult ($95-$145 depending on exchange rates), with no deductibles, no co-pays and no age rating. In addition, many countries regulating private health insurance also directly control provider prices. In 1996, my husband got an emergency root canal in the Netherlands for 100 guilders, or $25 American. In Japan, an overnight hospital stay costs the equivalent of $20. And yes indeed, the number of zeros in those prices are perfectly correct, though they could probably stand to be raised and in fact may have been by now.


(1)http://www.familiesusa.org/assets/pdfs/medical-loss-ratio.pdf
(2) http://www.truthout.org/111908HA
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