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ucrdem

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Hometown: El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora la Reina de los Angeles
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Current location: East of East L.A.
Member since: Sun Jan 20, 2013, 08:15 PM
Number of posts: 15,300

Journal Archives

Béatification, canonisation : les étapes pour devenir saint





Par Pierrick de Morel - franceinfo.fr - Dimanche 27 avril à 00:10

Dimanche 27 avril, soit à peine plus de neuf ans après cette disparition, le pape François s'apprête à répondre à la requête des milliers de catholiques qui, à Rome et dans le monde entier, ont émis le souhait de voir Karol Wojtyla devenir saint. Au cours d'une cérémonie publique qui se déroulera au Vatican, le pape argentin canonisera également un autre de ses prédécesseurs, le pape Jean XXIII.

D'abord la béatification, puis la canonisation

Dans l'Eglise catholique, seul le pape a le pouvoir de canoniser une personne dont la vie et les actes lui ouvrent les portes de la sainteté. Un sacre qui se fait en deux étapes, la personne devant auparavant être béatifiée.

La décision pontificale n'intervient qu'au bout d'un processus long et complexe, et qui débute dans le diocèse où le candidat est décédé. Un groupe de fidèles - appelé Acto Causae - s'adresse à un prêtre - un postulateur - pour qu'il dépose une demande auprès de l'évêque de ce diocèse.

Ce dernier, après avoir analysé les pièces du dossier - écrits, preuves de miracles - va formuler, environ deux ans après, une requête officielle auprès de la Congrégation des causes des saints, qui se tient au Vatican. Si la Congrégation juge que le candidat mérite d'être canonisé, elle donne son accord - la nulla ostra - et commence l'évaluation des preuves : c'est le contrôle de la légitimité, une étape qui peut durer une douzaine d'années.

Pas de miracle, pas de saint

Précision importante : il n'y a ni béatification, ni canonisation sans miracle. C'est pourquoi un groupe de médecins et de théologiens se penchent sur des actes prétendument miraculeux, pour les évaluer.

Si un miracle est avéré et que la vie du candidat est jugé vertueuse, le pape autorise un décret de béatification, et la date de la cérémonie est fixée. Pour Jean-Paul II, elle a eu lieu le 1er mai 2011, alors que Jean XXIII avait été béatifié par le pape polonais le 3 septembre 2000.

Ensuite, si un second miracle est avéré, une cause en sanctification est ouverte, qui mène à la canonisation. Au total, l'ensemble de la procédure peut prendre des années, voire des siècles comme ce fut le cas pour Jeanne d'Arc, brûlée vive en 1431 et canonisée en 1920, comme l'explique le site internet de La Croix.

Les miracles des deux futurs saints

Pour devenir saint, il faut donc avoir réalisé deux miracles : un pour être béatifié, et un second pour être canonisé.

Dans le cas de Jean-Paul II, les deux miracles qui vont lui permettre d'être canonisés dimanche ont eu lieu après sa disparition :

Le premier, c'est la guérison de la nuit du 2 au 3 juin 2011 de la Soeur Marie Simon-Pierre, âgée de 44 ans, brusquement guérie de la maladie de Parkinson.

Le second date de la même année : victime d'un anévrisme cérébrale, la Costaricienne Floribeth Mora avait été guérie alors qu'elle suivait la cérémonie de béatification de Jean-Paul II à la télévision.

Quand au pape Jean XXIII, un seul miracle aura permis sa béatification et sa canonisation, comme le rappelle le Point : la guérison d'une religieuse italienne, Soeur Caterina Capitani, de la congrégation des Filles de la charité. Donnée pour morte après une opération en vue de l'ablation d'une tumeur à l'estomac, la femme avait survécu après avoir adressé ses prières au souverain pontife.

De plus en plus de canonisations

L'événement que constitue cette double canonisation permet de préciser que les proclamations de sainteté sont en hausse constante: lors des trente dernières années, la Congrégations a produit plus de saints que durant les trois siècles précédents : 500 depuis 1978, contre 302 entre 1574 et 1978.

Avec 482 canonisations entre 1978 et 2005, Jean-Paul II s'affirme même comme un champion de la catégorie, lui qui avait simplifié en 1983 une procédure inchangée depuis six siècles avec la constitution Divinus perfectionis Magister, qui simplifiait la canonisation et a permis de donner un nouvel élan au culte des saints.

http://www.franceinfo.fr/actu/beatifications-canonisations-comment-ca-marche-1396241-2014-04-24

Ségolène Royal denies banning cleavage at French ministry

France24 - Latest update : 2014-04-24

Ségolène Royal, French President François Hollande's former partner and the mother of his four children, has denied claims she ordered female staff at the Environment Ministry to "dress appropriately" and avoid revealing tops.



The report, published by French weekly Le Point on Thursday, claimed Royal, who joined Hollande's Socialist government following a cabinet reshuffle earlier this month, had also banned smoking in the ministry’s courtyard and gardens in her presence.

Denying the “ridiculous rumours” on her Twitter account, Royal said the only instruction she had given colleagues was to be sparing in their use of public funds.


"OF COURSE I DENY THE RIDICULOUS RUMOUR ABOUT A BAN ON CLEAVAGE AT THE MINISTRY!"


This is not the first such report to emerge in the French press.

Last week, L’Express, another French weekly, said the new environment minister had also banned the “bise”, France’s traditional cheek kiss, urging staff to greet her with a more formal handshake instead.

A formal presidential runner-up, Royal, 60, has made a remarkable comeback after a string of political setbacks, including a humiliating defeat in parliamentary elections in 2012.

She has been criticized in the past for her allegedly dictatorial behavior and is often described by French media as the “Iron Lady”.

http://www.france24.com/en/20140424-segolene-royal-bans-kisses-cleavage-french-ministry/

Pope Francis Canonization of Two Popes Promises to be Epic

Source: NBC News

Pope Francis Canonization of Two Popes Promises to be Epic
BY CLARE DUFFY
ROME, Italy -- This Sunday the Catholic Church will elevate two popes to sainthood in a historic canonization ceremony in Vatican Square.

In Catholic circles, it is the main event of 2014, and at this point, it might be easier to make your own case for sainthood than to procure a spot in the VIP section. A Vatican official told NBC News this morning that a Polish nun in his office has been bringing him tea every day; what he thought was a kind gesture turned out to be an effort to soften him up before trying to get a ticket for her Mother Superior, he said.

"Let's play two!" NBC News Vatican analyst George Weigel said, quoting the indefatigable Ernie Banks (especially appropriate given the anniversary of Wrigley Field).

It promises to be an epic event -- from a place that does "epic" particularly well.

Read more: http://www.nbcnews.com/nightly-news/pope-francis-canonization-two-popes-promises-be-epic-n90156



Sunday is gonna be a big day in Rome ..

Meet the Wall Street crook JAILED by tough-as-nails-Dumbya in 2004:



Ah, the good old days!

Debt-saddled France to sell $48 million Park Avenue apartment

By AFP - Published Friday, April 11, 2014


The French government is bidding adieu to a rich piece of New York City real estate. Corner house with 6 bedrooms, 7 bathrooms and 38 windows is on the 12th and 13th floors of 740 Park Avenue in NY

The 18-room duplex of France's Ambassador to the United Nations, currently Gérard Araud, in the building at 740 Park Avenue (C, on corner) in New York City, has been put on the market. (AFP)

The French ambassador to the United Nations lives in a sumptuous, 18-room apartment at one of New York's most exclusive addresses - but not for much longer.

Belts are tightening, and the French government has put the stunning Park Avenue duplex on the market for a whopping $48 million, hoping to reap a profit from New York's property boom.


(AFP)

The decision to sell up was announced last year by the Quai d'Orsay - France's Ministry of Foreign Affairs - looking to save taxpayers millions of dollars by selling properties deemed too opulent or dispensable.

The corner apartment with six bedrooms, seven bathrooms and 38 windows is on the 12th and 13th floors of 740 Park Avenue, said to house more billionaires than any other property in America.

It has been advertised on at least two websites which specialize in luxury apartments and has already aroused huge interest among the super rich of Manhattan.

The 19-story building of 31 apartments is so famous it was the subject of a 2005 book "740 Park: The Story of the World's Richest Apartment Building."

A 2012 documentary "Park Avenue: Money, Power and the American Dream" also sought to expose the gap between rich and poor along the famous thoroughfare, which runs from Manhattan to the Bronx.

Among its famous residents are billionaire industrialist David Koch, owner of the New York Jets, Woody Johnson, and fashion designer Vera Wang, who inherited a duplex from her father.

The building was built in 1929 by the grandfather of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, who grew up there.

The French government said last June that putting the apartment on the market was part of a six-year plan to sell off 152 properties for 307 million euros.

http://www.emirates247.com/news/is-it-the-costliest-18-room-apartment-for-sale-dh176-million-2014-04-11-1.545206

Ségolène Royal gets key role in French cabinet reshuffle

Source: The Guardian


Royal at a handover ceremony in Paris on Wednesday, 22 years after Hollande's ex-partner took up her first ministerial job.

Ségolène Royal, the French president's former partner, has been given a key cabinet position in a dramatic government reshuffle.

Royal, 60, was appointed environment, sustainable development and energy minister in François Hollande's new "government of combat", a shakeup regarded as the president's last chance to fulfil his election pledges and salvage his reputation.

It is a long-awaited comeback for Royal, an experienced politician and former Socialist party (PS) presidential candidate and came exactly 22 years after she took up her first ministerial job on 2 April 1992.

She had been angling for a government post since Hollande was elected in 2012, despite having witheringly said of her former partner before he came to power: "Can the French people name a single thing he has achieved in 30 years in politics?"

However, Royal's enforced exile was due more to personal than political reasons. The president, who does not like conflict, felt unable to appoint her for fear of upsetting his former partner Valérie Trierweiler, for whom he left Royal, the mother of his four children.

Read more: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/apr/02/segolene-royal-french-cabinet-reshuffle



well there's a silver lining. . . .

It's time to get over 2008.

The front page of a website supporting Mrs Clinton's 2014 candidacy has the following language, dated March 28:

Back in 2008 Barack Obama was a promising star. Obama promised and promised and promised – stars and unicorns along with pennies from Heaven. It’s been Hell ever since.


And so on. This sounds very much like a recent and rather perplexing OP. The gist of the quoted post is, We elected a charlatan, we were wrong, he failed, it's time to get over Obama. More if you think I'm kidding:

Back in 2008 . . . . Barack Obama was going to “turn the page”. All those pesky old time problems Mess-Obama was about to celestial choir away – along with no more rising oceans and well everything old and bad and soon we would have anti-gravity cars and planes taking us to holidays on the moon and a disco ball in the White House. Well the page has turned alright. We’re now out of the frying pan and into the fire. Elect a boob and you get boobery. Re-elect a boob and you get more boobery.


I won't post the link but I'd be happy to name or send it in a PM. May I politely suggest that fighting old battles is not a productive way to win elections and is not going to help us in 2014? Also, this website is completely out to lunch and appears to be harboring a grudge so huge it obliterates any objective assessment of President Obama's many accomplishments. So my polite and respectful suggestion to all is, it's time to get over 2008. If we don't we're going to be in big trouble next November.
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