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Argentina's Macri awards top public works contract to consortium led by his family firm, IECSA.

Facing a deepening recession, Argentine President Mauricio Macri made an apparent u-turn on fiscal austerity and decreed an additional 98 billion pesos ($7 billion) in public works over the next four years above previously budgeted figures.

While welcomed by many economists, the announcement was controversial in that 45 billion pesos ($3 billion) of this new public works spending will go toward one project: the conversion of the Buenos Aires' Sarmiento commuter rail line into an underground line.

The controversy was heightened by news that the Sarmiento underground project was awarded to a consortium led by IECSA, the public contractor controlled by his own family and directed by his cousin Ángelo Calcaterra.

The consortium involved in the project also includes the Italian construction firm Ghella and Brazil's Odebrecht, whose CEO - Marcelo Odebrecht - was sentenced in March to a 19-year prison term for paying over $30 million in bribes to executives at the oil giant Petrobras to secure contracts.

Macri had made allegations of corruption in public contracts during his predecessor's tenure a central campaign theme last year. Once it was revealed that the contractor most closely associated with former Presidents Néstor and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, Lázaro Báez, had in fact shared a partnership with IECSA, Calcaterra sought to disassociate himself from the firm by selling his shares - a move blocked by the courts while investigations are still pending.

Calcaterra was given nominal control of IECSA by President Macri's father, Francisco Macri, when the younger Macri ran for Mayor of Buenos Aires in 2007. This transfer was effected to avoid the appearance of conflict of interest since IECSA is a leading municipal contractor as well.

IECSA's public contracts portfolio increased dramatically under Mayor Macri to $1.8 billion, making his cousin Argentina's third largest public contractor. Macri had already come under fire shortly after taking office six months ago by awarding IECSA a 2.5 billion peso ($170 million) contract to build a new natural gas pipeline in Córdoba Province.

At: https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=es&u=http://www.minutouno.com/notas/1494028-macri-podria-beneficiar-su-primo-calcaterra-una-obra-millonaria-del-sarmiento&prev=search

Argentina's Macri quietly drops austerity with $5 bn for social security and $7 bn for public works.

Argentine Finance Minister Alfonso Prat-Gay announced that the federal government will be easing the deep budget cuts enacted since President Mauricio Macri took office six months ago, with decrees opening the door for more spending on social security and public works.

The moves come after the Central Bank cut interest rates and eased its contractionary monetary policy somewhat, and seem to confirm that Macri's right-wing economic cabinet is wary of causing a sustained recession through continued austerity. Monthly budget figures for May, released on Tuesday, show that the federal deficit for that month grew to 24 billion pesos ($1.7 billion) - four times as much as a year earlier.

Following months of spending cuts in key areas such as infrastructure, a decree issued yesterday allocated close to 100 billion pesos ($7 billion) for public works over the next four years. Although only a small fraction of those funds will be used this year, the decree also anticipates that more funds would be distributed over the coming months.

The paralysis in public works has been one of the main factors of the current economic slowdown, with an estimated 155,000 jobs lost since Macri took office and a loss in average purchasing power of at least 11%. The recession has been exacerbated by a rise in inflation rates from 20% to 45% since Macri decreed a 40% devaluation in December.

The Macri administration had already begun reversing course on austerity in April, when it announced a 30 billion-peso ($2 billion) increase in social spending in response to a Catholic University report that the number of poor had risen by at least two million in just four months. Yesterday's decree provides for an additional 76 billion pesos ($5.3 billion) for social security this year, which includes these commitments as well as a significant raise in benefits for high-contribution seniors.

Capital spending - mainly infrastructure construction and maintenance - also rose sharply in May, though it still remained below 2015 levels in real terms. A 25% nominal increase over the same time last year still left capital spending 13% less than a year earlier; but it was a marked reversal from April, when a 6% nominal cut translated into a 33% cut in real terms. Sales declines for building supplies such as asphalt (48.8%), concrete (27.6%), rebar (26%), and cinder blocks (25.7%) were the steepest since the depths of the 2002 crisis.

The May budget figures were thus the first to show an annual increase in deficit spending so far in 2016. “In nominal terms, we now have roughly the same deficit as in the first five months of 2015: 70 billion pesos ($5 billion); but adjusting for inflation it is narrowing,” Martín Polo, chief economist at Analytica consultants, told the Herald.

Polo believes that over the coming months fiscal policy will become even more expansive. “I expect them to bet on boosting demand and boosting the construction sector in order to jump-start the economy. If as a result they get the economy growing again, then it will not be a problem because the deficit should be compared to GDP. If the recovery doesn’t happen, then there will reasons to worry,” Polo said.

Marina dal Poggetto at Bein & Associates agreed. “I would say this is something we were already seeing over the last few weeks: the government is making a u-turn.”

At: http://buenosairesherald.com/article/216669/gov%E2%80%99t-eases-austerity-as-spending-recovers

Poverty rate in Greater Buenos Aires jumps from 22% to 35.5% during Macri's first 5 months in office

Data presented by the University of Buenos Aires reveals that income poverty in the Buenos Aires metropolitan area - home to one in three Argentines - rose from 22% in December 2015 to 35.5% in April 2016. The incidence of extreme poverty - those among the poor whose income can't cover basic nutritional needs - rose from 5.9% to 7.7%.

The study was conducted by the Gino Germani Institute and analyzed by the Center for Public Opinion and Social Studies (COPES) at the University of Buenos Aires School of Social Science. It surveyed 1,228 households in the City of Buenos Aires and twenty counties in surburban Buenos Aires (part of Buenos Aires Province).

The total number of poor by income, considering a metro area population of 13.8 million, was estimated to have risen from 3.0 million in December to 4.9 million in May - a 60% increase in five months. The 13.5-point increase in the poverty rate was similar to the 14.3-point jump recorded between September 2001 and April 2002; the 60% jump in the number of poor, in turn, was the sharpest since the currency collapse and hyperinflation crisis in 1989.

The report pointed to the rapid increase in food, utility, and public transport prices since the right-wing Mauricio Macri administration devalued the peso by 40% in December and made deep cuts to both utility subsidies and export taxes - thus incentivizing the agricultural sector to depress the domestic market and forcing rates and fares to rise by 300%.

Consistent with past trends, poverty in the suburban counties remained higher, and rose faster, than in the City of Buenos Aires. The twenty metro area counties surveyed saw income poverty rise from 23.8% in December 2015 to 38.2% in April 2016 - a 14.4-point increase. Buenos Aires proper, meanwhile, saw poverty rise by 9.2 points, from 16% to 25.2%.

The shift thus broke a trend throughout the Kirchner era in which the gap in poverty rates between Buenos Aires and its largely working-class suburbs had been steadily shrinking from 2003 to 2015 due to the economic recovery on one hand and the rapid growth of property values and rents in the City of Buenos Aires on other; indeed, poverty had fallen from 61% to 24% in the suburbs, but only from 21% to 16% in Buenos Aires proper as rents outstripped income gains.

Many of the "new" poor, as in past economic crises in Argentina, are people with temporary jobs (known locally as changas) and unskilled or semi-skilled employees. A latent risk for these households is the possibility of falling into chronic poverty if job opportunities and purchasing power, both of which have been severely affected in the last six months, do not quickly recover.

Poverty, the report warned, may ultimately rise to 34.9% of those in Buenos Aires proper - and 51.3% in the suburbs - if those who are not poor, but are at risk, continue to lose buying power and suffer layoffs. An estimated 155,000 Argentines have lost their jobs since Macri took office.

At: https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=es&u=http://www.perfil.com/elobservador/Pobreza-en-el-GBA-de-diciembre-a-mayo-crecio-del-22-al-355-20160611-0081.html&prev=search

Argentine pop artist and conservationist Nicolás García Uriburu dies at 78.

Argentine pop artist Nicolás García Uriburu, celebrated worldwide for using art as a vehicle for environmental activism, died on Sunday.

Born in Buenos Aires in 1937 García Uriburu first earned renown at the June 1968 Venice Biennale, where he dyed Venice's Grand Canal using fluorescein - a pigment which turns a bright green when synthesized by microorganisms in the water. He repeated the feat throughout the 1970s in among other places New York City's East River, the Seine in Paris, the Rhine at Kassel (Germany), the ports of Nice and of Antwerp, and at the mouth of southside Buenos Aires' polluted Riachuelo.

A pioneer in what became known as land art, he created a montage in pastel colors over photographs of each of those scenes, allowing unlimited photographic reproduction of the work for the sake of raising awareness of worsening water pollution.

After planting 7,000 oaks with the great German social artist Joseph Beuys in 1981, García Uriburu returned to Buenos Aires and went on to plant 50,000 trees there over the next few years.

García Uriburu's worldwide fame made him one of Argentina's leading conservationists, and his organized protests over the ongoing degradation of Buenos Aires' industrial Riachuelo waterway ultimately helped lead to the creation of the ACUMAR recovery agency in 2008 and to the waterway's subsequent improvement.

He also collected and became an expert in pre-Columbian art, donating hundreds of archaeological pieces to establish museums in Uruguay and in Buenos Aires.

As he hurried to a meeting on Sunday, García Uriburu collapsed and died holding on to a large tree in near his home in the upscale Barrio Parque area of Buenos Aires. He was 78.

At: https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=es&u=http://www.lanacion.com.ar/1910891-nicolas-garcia-uriburu-el-artista-pop-con-fuertecompromiso-ambiental&prev=search


García Uriburu using fluorescin to protest pollution in southside Buenos Aires' Riachuelo with Greenpeace in 2010. His efforts helped mobilize government pollution control and cleanup efforts on the industrial waterway.[/center]

JP Morgan whistleblower Hernán Arbizu, who revealed tax evasion scheme, to be extradited to U.S.

Former Vice President at JP Morgan Argentina Hernán Arbizu, who in 2008 became one of his country's most significant whistleblowers, was taken into custody yesterday for voluntary extradition to the United States. Arbizu will be arrested as soon as he arrives in the U.S., where he faces charges of bank fraud, identity theft, and embezzlement.

The former JP Morgan banker will be held until next Wednesday, when he will travel to the U.S. with two FBI agents and his lawyer, Sebastián Nanini. Arbizu had always rejected the idea being extradited - but changed his mind following the election of right-wing President Mauricio Macri last November.

“He willingly said he wanted to be tried in the United States,” his lawyer told the Herald yesterday. “He has no pending investigations against him in Argentina.”

Arbizu first made headlines in June 2008, when he went public on how JP Morgan Argentina facilitated tax evasion for numerous Argentine firms and wealthy clients; as a senior private banker, he alone managed 13 such accounts with over $200 million between them - and had information on Argentine accounts totaling $1.3 billion.

The largest accounts belonged to Ernestina Herrera de Noble and Héctor Magnetto (the chairwoman and CEO of the Clarín Media Group, respectively) and the late María Amalia Lacroze de Fortabat and her estate executor, Congressman Alfonso Prat-Gay - who transferred over $1 billion from the sale of Fortabat's cement firm Loma Negra to tax havens by way of JP Morgan in 2008. Prat-Gay was appointed Finance Minister by President Macri upon taking office six months ago.

Arbizu's congressional testimony was further confirmed by the 2014 SwissLeaks scandal, which revealed that HSBC Argentina had facilitated tax evasion on $3.8 billion by over 4,000 local account holders. He testified that HSBC Argentina had in fact been JP Morgan Argentina's chief partner in the scheme, which began in 2000 and caused lost tax revenue of at least 60 billion pesos (around $15 billion, using the average exchange rate since 2000) on $85 billion transferred to offshore accounts.

Judge Sergio Torres initially took Arbizu's statement in 2008 and ordered a raid on JP Morgan’s offices in Buenos Aires, seizing documents. The case, however, never moved forward. Arbizu claimed Torres was pressured by lawyers and two FBI agents working at the U.S. Embassy in Buenos Aires who spoke to the judge and asked him to stop investigating.

An example

Arbizu admitted to forging the signature of the former Musimundo music retail chain owner Natalio Garber, a client of the bank, in May 2008 in order to transfer part of Garber’s funds to Paraguayan accounts. Arbizu offered JP Morgan confidentiality over the sensitive information he had on some account holders - including a complete list of JP Morgan's clients across Latin America - in order to be tried in Argentina; but JP Morgan rejected the deal.

“JP Morgan’s hatred against me can be compared to the one has against an infiltrator. I had been nominated to become the bank’s Latin America representative and I had a great relationship with my boss. Now they want to make an example out of me,” Arbizu told the Herald last year.

Argentines are estimated to have up to $400 billion abroad in accounts and investments, over 90% of which is undeclared. “If you go to the lobby of any major hotel in the country,” Arbizu said, “you’ll find a bank representative and his client closing a deal.”

At: http://buenosairesherald.com/article/216333/ex-jp-morgan-banker-taken-into-custody-before-us-extradition

Argentine pharmacies suspend purchases through PAMI (Argentina's Medicare) over $180 million debt.

The Argentine Pharmacists' Confederation (COFA) announced that, effective June 16, all purchases made through PAMI (Argentina's Medicare) will be suspended over a 2.6 billion peso ($180 million) debt the agency has accrued with COFA's 10,000 member pharmacies since February.

The president of the COFA, Raúl Mascaró, explained that while PAMI habitually reimburses pharmacies three months after the fact, this unprecedented level of arrears has forced member pharmacies to refuse purchases through PAMI in order to conserve inventory they can no longer afford to replenish; but while pharmacists' dissatisfaction over delays in PAMI reimbursements is a longstanding problem at the agency, this is the first such announcement since the 2002 crisis.

Following this announcement, PAMI officials disbursed a 500 million peso ($35 million) payment to COFA pharmacies - part of a 930 million peso ($65 million) payment to all pharmacies affiliated with PAMI. Mascaró, however, pointed out that this payment only covers one month of receipts, and that the suspension cannot be lifted until the remainder is also reimbursed.

A 60% increase in pharmaceutical prices since the right-wing Mauricio Macri administration took office has only added to Argentine pharmacists' woes, as have cutbacks enacted by the Macri administration citing alleged fraud at the agency. "Care is suffering," Macaró lamented, "not only for retirees, but for all who depend on social security."

PAMI, established in 1971, covers 5.5 million senior citizens and disabled individuals and pays for some 13 million prescriptions a month - some 70% of them free of charge since former President Néstor Kirchner expanded coverage for these in 2005.

At: http://www.diarioregistrado.com/sociedad/duro-golpe-a-los-jubilados--farmacias-de-todo-el-pais-suspenden-la-atencion-a-pami_a5762af58bccca16d525e2543

And: https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=es&u=http://www.telam.com.ar/notas/201606/151639-farmacias-suspenden-pami.html&prev=search

Macri opens Argentine air routes to Colombia's Avianca after it buys his insolvent family airline.

Progressive Congresswoman Margarita Stolbizer, a former ally of right-wing Argentine President Mauricio Macri, criticized the administration's recent decision to grant Colombia's Avianca access to domestic routes within Argentina. The decision, she said, would threaten Aerolíneas Argentinas, presents a conflict of interest, and is likely to lead to layoffs at the flagship airline.

The permits were awarded just two months after Avianca purchased the Macri family's insolvent airline, MacAir.

The purchase, announced in late March by Avianca CEO Germán Efromovich, surprised market analysts at the time given MacAir's four minor routes and minimal fleet of six air taxis.

Avianca is in the middle of a regional expansion plan after the merger of its Colombian and Brazilian units into the Sinergy Speed group, which controls both. According to Efromovich, “Argentina is an important market, and the idea is to begin with MacAir, which is regional, to serve some interesting domestic routes as well as improving other Avianca operations in Argentina.”

Stolbizer, however, denounced allowing Avianca to fly domestically within Argentina - a relatively modest market of around 18 million passengers annually which Aerolíneas Argentinas and its affiliated regional carrier, Austral, already compete for with LAN Argentina (jointly owned by the Chilean-based LATAM Airlines Group and Argentine investors - including Gustavo Lopetegui, Macri's chief economic adviser).

The introduction of a potentially large new competitor for Argentine domestic air traffic at a time when Macri austerity policies have led to sharply higher fuel and utility costs for the airline as well as decreasing air travel is likely to undermine competitiveness at Aerolíneas Argentinas.

Competitors agree that Avianca’s move is likely to mean more than a mere purchase of a small airline, with both LAN and the state-owned Aerolíneas Argentinas already looking over their shoulders. Avianca's arrival would put more pressure on Aerolíneas, which is currently beginning a restructuring plan that is likely to include dismissals and budget cuts, as well as extending LAN and Avianca’s fierce competition in other countries of the region to Argentina.

To Congresswoman Stolbizer, it's also a question of ethics. "No public officials or their relatives should put themselves in a position to benefit from any offers without first resigning," she said.

At: https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=es&u=http://www.politicargentina.com/notas/201605/14288-stolbizer-cargo-contra-los-macri-por-sus-negocios-con-avianca.html&prev=search

And: http://www.buenosairesherald.com/article/211179/avianca-buys-airline-run-by-president%E2%80%99s-family

Foreign direct investment in Latin America fell 9.1% in 2015 to $179.1 billion; lowest since 2010.

Foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows in Latin America and the Caribbean declined 9.1% in 2015 compared with 2014, totaling $179.1 billion, the lowest level since 2010.

The Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean 2016 report, published by the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) at its headquarters in Santiago, Chile, pointed to lower investment in sectors linked to natural resources (mainly mining and hydrocarbons) and to the deceleration of economic growth - above all in Brazil.

ECLAC estimates that in 2016 FDI will remain below the levels reached in recent years, in line with countries’ economic prospects. It could decline as much as 8% but will continue to be an important factor in the region’s economies, the Commission says.

The decline seen in 2015 in Latin America and the Caribbean contrasts with the dynamism observed at a global level, the document notes. Last year, global FDI flows expanded 36%, reaching an estimated total of $1.7 trillion; this expansion was mainly driven by an intense wave of transnational mergers and acquisitions focused on developed countries and the United States in particular.

Nevertheless, Latin America, with 8.6% of the world's population, received 10.6% of all recorded FDI inflows in 2015.

Figures varied widely by country. Brazil saw FDI shrink 23% to $75.1 billion, although it continued to be the top recipient of foreign investment in the region (with 42% of the total). Mexico, the second-biggest recipient, saw inflows increase by 18% - reaching $30.3 billion but well below the $45 billion record set in 2013. The manufacturing sector (mainly the auto industry) and telecommunications received the biggest foreign investments in that country.

The decline in mineral prices negatively affected FDI income in Chile (which declined 8.5% to $20.5 billion) and Colombia (which fell 25.8% to $12.1 billion). A sectoral study of these inflows show that in Colombia the participation of primary sectors - which includes mining - dropped from 51% in 2010-14 to 31% of the total in 2015.

FDI inflows into Argentina expanded by 130% to $11.7 billion. Much of the difference, however, was accounted for by the renationalization of 51% of the energy company YPF, carried out in 2012 and formally disbursed in May 2014 - representing a "divestment" of nearly $6 billion in the form of the government's payment for 51% of YPF stock to Madrid-based Repsol. Excluding this payment Argentine FDI inflows in 2014 reached $11 billion, resulting in a net increase in 2015 of 6%.

Central American FDI income increased 6%, totaling $11.8 billion. Panama, with 43% of the total, continues to be the main recipient in the subregion - followed by Costa Rica (26%), Honduras (10%) and Guatemala (10%). Meanwhile, foreign direct investment in the Caribbean declined 17% to $6 billion.

As far as medium- and long-term trends, the study highlights important changes in investment projects announced between 2005 and 2015: the relevance of mining and fossil fuel sectors has declined, the automotive sector has shown a special dynamism, and the importance of telecommunications, renewable energy, and retail commerce has increased.

At: http://www.cepal.org/en/pressreleases/foreign-direct-investment-towards-region-fell-91-2015-total-17910-billion-dollars

Echoing the last dictatorship, Argentine Justice Minister slams ‘politicization’ at IACHR.

Argentine Justice Minister Germán Garavano criticized the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) after the organization called on member countries to provide financial support in view of the institution’s precarious financial situation.

In a column published yesterday, Garavano criticized the IAHCR’s “weaknesses” and while conceding the organization should be supported, asserted that it should be done so only “as part of a wider human rights policy, without sectoral interests.”

“We can’t deny the positive impacts the IAHCR has had in Latin America since it was created,” Garavano wrote. “Its work on forced disappearances, extrajudicial executions and torture have been relevant. It has also set standards and has collaborated on the development on public policies over freedom of speech and protection of vulnerable groups.”

Garavano, however, argued that “weaknesses” of the IACHR also need to be stressed — weaknesses that, according to him, include delays in legal proceedings, “politicization” of some issues. and what he referred to as the organization’s “double-standards.”

Like Amnesty International and other leading international human rights watchdogs, the IAHCR has been critical of the right-wing Macri administration for among other things the continued detention without trial of indigenous community organizer Milagro Sala after five months, decrees limiting the right to protest, and a recent bill that would, if passed, criminalize publication by journalists of any personal financial data of Macri officials (many of whom have been implicated in the Panama Papers scandal).

The IAHCR first earned renown in Argentina during its 1979 fact-finding mission commissioned to assess the extent of the massive human rights atrocities that had recently been committed by the dictatorship of Gen. Jorge Videla. The presence of the commission was deeply resented by both the Videla regime and its supporters, which frequently accused the IAHCR of being likewise “politicized.”

At: http://buenosairesherald.com/article/216071/gov%E2%80%99t-criticizes-iachr-but-promises-financial-support

Pope Francis returns Argentine President Mauricio Macri’s ‘donation’ of 16,666,000 pesos.

Pope Francis signed an order officially rejecting a state donation of 16,666,000 pesos ($1.2 million) for Scholas Occurrentes, an educational project for disadvantaged Argentine schools launched by Francis while still Archbishop of Buenos Aires and sponsored by the Vatican.

In a letter addressed to Argentine President Mauricio Macri's Cabinet Chief Marcos Peña, Scholas Occurrentes directors José María del Corral and Enrique Palmeyro confirmed Pope Francis’ decision “to suspend the non-refundable contribution taking into account that some may try to distort this gesture.”

Pope Francis has been at odds with the right-wing Macri administration over issues ranging from the continued detention without trial of indigenous community organizer Milagro Sala after five months and harsh austerity policies which, according to the Catholic University of Argentina, have increased poverty in the country by over two million people since Macri took office in December.

“He (Palmeyro) told us that Pope Francis is very worried about her arrest and is working for (Sala's) release,” Túpac Amaru coordinator Alejandro Garfagnini said on February 15. Days later, the long-awaited meeting between Macri and Francis at the Vatican ended up being a frosty encounter that lasted a mere 22 minutes. The pope refrained from smiling when he was photographed with Macri and his wife, making evident the lack of affinity between the two political leaders.

This was a stark contrast from the warmer relationship Francis used to enjoy with Macri's center-left predecessor Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, who granted Scholas Occurrentes its first annual subsidy in 2014.

The Macri administration was less than pleased with this decision from the Vatican, and attempted to blame Corral and Palmeyro - and by extension Francis himself - for the rebuke. “It was the Pope ... who asked (Macri) to help Scholas, they were the ones who asked for a contribution for amount of money,” government spokesmen told the right-wing daily La Nación. The claim was, however, debunked by Pope Francis himself, who described the donation as “unexpected and unwelcome.

Vatican spokesmen explained that Macri's decree granting the Scholas Occurrentes subsidy was interpreted as an attempt to “seduce” the pontiff just days after a report by the Argentine Synod (CEA) delivered a scathing criticism of the government’s social policies and the worsening state of poverty in Argentina.

A month ago, Macri hosted a meeting with Church leaders at the Olivos presidential residence to discuss the critical social situation in Argentina. Both parties left the meeting without issuing comments. Hours later, the Church issued a harsh document calling on political leaders to “reduce the worrying poverty levels” seen in the country.

The Archbishop of Buenos Aires Mario Poli — Francis’ successor in the position he had occupied until 2013 — scolded the Macri administration for failing to take the recent poverty crisis in Argentina seriously.

At: http://buenosairesherald.com/article/215986/pope-gives-back-macri%E2%80%99s-%E2%80%98donation%E2%80%99
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