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Sat Apr 15, 2017, 08:13 AM

 

97 yrs ago today: Two security guards are murdered during a robbery in S Braintree, MA

...and the men charged with murdering them were tried, convicted and executed. Except there's a strong chance they did not commit the crime.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sacco_and_Vanzetti



Sacco and Vanzetti

Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were Italian-born American anarchists who were convicted of murdering a guard and a paymaster during the April 15, 1920 armed robbery of the Slater and Morrill Shoe Company in Braintree, Massachusetts, United States. They were executed in the electric chair seven years later at Charlestown State Prison. Both men adhered to an anarchist movement that advocated relentless warfare against a violent and oppressive government.[1]

After a few hours' deliberation on July 14, 1921, the jury convicted Sacco and Vanzetti of first-degree murder and they were sentenced to death by the trial judge. A series of appeals followed, funded largely by the private Sacco and Vanzetti Defense Committee. The appeals were based on recanted testimony, conflicting ballistics evidence, a prejudicial pre-trial statement by the jury foreman, and a confession by an alleged participant in the robbery. All appeals were denied by trial judge Webster Thayer and also later denied by the Massachusetts State Supreme Court. By 1926, the case had drawn worldwide attention. As details of the trial and the men's suspected innocence became known, Sacco and Vanzetti became the center of one of the largest causes célèbres in modern history. In 1927, protests on their behalf were held in every major city in North America and Europe, as well as in Tokyo, Sydney, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires, and Johannesburg.[2]

Celebrated writers, artists, and academics pleaded for their pardon or for a new trial. Harvard law professor and future Supreme Court justice Felix Frankfurter argued for their innocence in a widely read Atlantic Monthly article that was later published in book form. Sacco and Vanzetti were scheduled to die in April 1927, accelerating the outcry. Responding to a massive influx of telegrams urging their pardon, Massachusetts governor Alvan T. Fuller appointed a three-man commission to investigate the case. After weeks of secret deliberation that included interviews with the judge, lawyers, and several witnesses, the commission upheld the verdict. Sacco and Vanzetti were executed in the electric chair just after midnight on August 23, 1927.[3] Subsequent riots destroyed property in Paris, London, and other cities.

Investigations in the aftermath of the executions continued throughout the 1930s and 1940s. The publication of the men's letters, containing eloquent professions of innocence, intensified belief in their wrongful execution. Additional ballistics tests and incriminating statements by the men's acquaintances have clouded the case. On August 23, 1977— the 50th anniversary of the executions — Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis issued a proclamation that Sacco and Vanzetti had been unfairly tried and convicted and that "any disgrace should be forever removed from their names". Writer Bruce Watson, in his introduction to the 2007 re-printing of The Letters of Sacco and Vanzetti, noted "Sacco and Vanzetti are still on trial and probably always will be."


Fervent anti-immigrant sentiment drove the trial and its judge, Webster Thayer. And two likely-innocent men are dead.

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Reply 97 yrs ago today: Two security guards are murdered during a robbery in S Braintree, MA (Original post)
Cooley Hurd Apr 2017 OP
Rhiannon12866 Apr 2017 #1
DURHAM D Apr 2017 #2
Demsrule86 Apr 2017 #3
watrwefitinfor Apr 2017 #4
struggle4progress Apr 2017 #5

Response to Cooley Hurd (Original post)

Sat Apr 15, 2017, 08:17 AM

1. K&R. There are so many lessons of history that are being ignored.

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Response to Cooley Hurd (Original post)

Sat Apr 15, 2017, 08:28 AM

2. Two Good Arms

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Response to Cooley Hurd (Original post)

Sat Apr 15, 2017, 08:38 AM

3. I love this line from Justice Denied in Massachusetts by Edna St. Vincent Millay

Forlorn, forlorn,
Stands the blue hay-rack by the empty mow.
And the petals drop to the ground,
Leaving the tree unfruited.
The sun that warmed our stooping backs and withered the weed
uprooted—
We shall not feel it again.
We shall die in darkness, and be buried in the rain.

Edna St. Vincent Millary

https://www.poemhunter.com/poem/kin-to-sorrow/#content

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Response to Cooley Hurd (Original post)

Sat Apr 15, 2017, 01:45 PM

4. I saw it when it was released.

http://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/sacco-and-vanzetti-1971

Excellent movie. History's lessons were being slowly restored to our collective memory in the late '60s and early 70s, only to be lost again.

I saw some google blurbs where it's available online for download (probably a charge?).

Wat

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Response to Cooley Hurd (Original post)

Sat Apr 15, 2017, 02:43 PM

5. Joan Baez

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