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Wed Jul 18, 2012, 03:44 AM

Archaeologists uncover largest ancient dam built by Mayans- With Photos

Recent excavations, sediment coring and mapping by a multi-university team led by the University of Cincinnati at the pre-Columbian city of Tikal, a paramount urban center of the ancient Maya, have identified new landscaping and engineering feats, including the largest ancient dam built by the Maya of Central America.

That dam constructed from cut stone, rubble and earth stretched more than 260 feet in length, stood about 33 feet high and held about 20 million gallons of water in a man-made reservoir.

These findings on ancient Maya water and land-use systems at Tikal, located in northern Guatemala, are scheduled to appear this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) in an article titled "Water and Sustainable Land Use at the Ancient Tropical City of Tikal, Guatemala." The research sheds new light on how the Maya conserved and used their natural resources to support a populous, highly complex society for over 1,500 years despite environmental challenges, including periodic drought.

Snip


According to UC's Scarborough, "The overall goal of the UC research is to better understand how the ancient Maya supported a population at Tikal of perhaps 60,000 to 80,000 inhabitants and an estimated population of five million in the overall Maya lowlands by AD 700."
He added, "That is a much higher number than is supported by the current environment. So, they managed to sustain a populous, highly complex society for well over 1,500 years in a tropical ecology. Their resource needs were great, but they used only stone-age tools and technology to develop a sophisticated, long-lasting management system in order to thrive."



Tikai





A rendering of the ancient Tikal settlement and its water collection and diversion system.

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Reply Archaeologists uncover largest ancient dam built by Mayans- With Photos (Original post)
Ichingcarpenter Jul 2012 OP
xchrom Jul 2012 #1

Response to Ichingcarpenter (Original post)

Wed Jul 18, 2012, 07:04 AM

1. Wow. Truly remarkable. Nt

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