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Member since: Sat Mar 11, 2017, 09:31 PM
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I never learned about this in American History class.

In 1866, one year after the 13 Amendment was ratified (the amendment that ended slavery), Alabama, Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, Florida, Tennessee, and South Carolina began to lease out convicts for labor (peonage). This made the business of arresting Blacks very lucrative, which is why hundreds of White men were hired by these states as police officers. Their primary responsibility was to search out and arrest Blacks who were in violation of Black Codes. Once arrested, these men, women and children would be leased to plantations where they would harvest cotton, tobacco, sugar cane. Or they would be leased to work at coal mines, or railroad companies. The owners of these businesses would pay the state for every prisoner who worked for them; prison labor.

It is believed that after the passing of the 13th Amendment, more than 800,000 Blacks were part of the system of peonage, or re-enslavement through the prison system. Peonage didnít end until after World War II began, around 1940.

This is how it happened.

The 13th Amendment declared that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." (Ratified in 1865)

Did you catch that? It says, ďneither slavery nor involuntary servitude could occur except as a punishment for a crime". Lawmakers used this phrase to make petty offenses crimes. When Blacks were found guilty of committing these crimes, they were imprisoned and then leased out to the same businesses that lost slaves after the passing of the 13th Amendment. This system of convict labor is called peonage.

The majority of White Southern farmers and business owners hated the 13th Amendment because it took away slave labor. As a way to appease them, the federal government turned a blind eye when southern states used this clause in the 13th Amendment to establish laws called Black Codes. Here are some examples of Black Codes:

In Louisiana, it was illegal for a Black man to preach to Black congregations without special permission in writing from the president of the police. If caught, he could be arrested and fined. If he could not pay the fines, which were unbelievably high, he would be forced to work for an individual, or go to jail or prison where he would work until his debt was paid off.

If a Black person did not have a job, he or she could be arrested and imprisoned on the charge of vagrancy or loitering.

This next Black Code will make you cringe. In South Carolina, if the parent of a Black child was considered vagrant, the judicial system allowed the police and/or other government agencies to ďapprenticeĒ the child to an "employer". Males could be held until the age of 21, and females could be held until they were 18. Their owner had the legal right to inflict punishment on the child for disobedience, and to recapture them if they ran away.

This (peonage) is an example of systemic racism - Racism established and perpetuated by government systems. Slavery was made legal by the U.S. Government. Segregation, Black Codes, Jim Crow and peonage were all made legal by the government, and upheld by the judicial system. These acts of racism were built into the system, which is where the term ďSystemic RacismĒ is derived.

This is the part of "Black History" that most of us were never told about.

Unknown source on Facebook....

Holy smokes! Trump's niece just humiliated him bigly...

Sometimes it takes longer than others .. but when you get it you get it ..... 🤍🖤

#bethelohio I see you 🙌🏻🙌🏻🙌🏻🙌🏻

New Biden Campaign video dropped Sunday.


Sorry, only link I could find was Facebook.

Michelle Obama and weall.vote/rootspicnic 6-27-20

‪Couldnít be more excited that When We All Vote is teaming up to co-host The Roots Picnic on June 27! ‬

‪Join us and get registered to vote: weall.vote/rootspicnic‬

So you've been in quarantine for 3 months, what have you been up to? Not much.....

Pretty damn cool!

Tulsa is to trump like.....

The ultimate drug to a narcissistic ego- Watching a crowd of people screaming they love you, will defend you above all else, and will literally die for you. Trump would rock that shit up and smoke it if he could!

*Warning.....this is a rant*

My daughter could have written this, instead one of her friends beat her to it!

ďI have been a restaurant server, bartender, and manager for fifteen years. None of these jobs is, or has ever been, essential.

Now, after months of an industry shutdown because dine-in full service restaurants were deemed too risky during a pandemic, weíre told that itís okay to start up again. This is madness. Now. When cases in Alameda County, the state of California, and the entire country, not to mention the world, are rising.

Iíve gone from feeling nauseated to incredulous to disgusted to defeated and back through the cycle again every time I think about this. Because the truth of the matter is, there is no way to do this safely. None. And we are going to be forced into it anyway.

Masks are impractical when everyone is eating and drinking. And as we all know by now, wearing a mask is to protect those around you, not yourself. So if every guest is maskless, it doesnít matter what I doóI wonít be protected.

Six feet of distance from guests is impossible if Iím dropping off drinks and dishes. I suppose taking orders could be done at a distance, if you donít mind everyone constantly yelling. But in reality, thereís no way I will be able to stay six feet from every guest at all times.

The amount of extra time and work that will now be involved in serving guests is significant. Nothing can be reusedómenus, salt & pepper shakers, tablecloths, silverware caddies, condiment bottles, check presentersóthe list is endless. The heightened level of sanitization of every surface touched by any guest is another layer to consider. And what about bathrooms? In both restaurants I most recently worked at, each had two single occupancy bathrooms. How is it safe for not only employees, but every single guest who dines in, to use these very limited spaces with extremely limited airflow? Itís not practical or financially feasible to have an employee dedicated to sanitizing bathrooms after every use. There is no realistic way for them to be safe for anyone to use, but most especially staff, who will more than likely have to use them multiple times in a shift.

Have you ever been in a restaurant kitchen? Or behind a bar? Ninety-nine percent of the time they are extremely cramped spaces. Distancing is impossible. And you canít run either with just one person. It takes a lot of people to run a restaurant with table service. Reservationist, host, server, busser, runner, bartender, barback, expo, line cook, dishwasher, manager. Youíre asking every single one of those people to come into contact with each other and countless guests, exponentially increasing the chance that one person with the virus will spread it through multiple vectors, each one of them risking taking this virus home to their households, infecting their families.

Sure, guests can relax at their six-feet-apart tables outside with plenty of fresh air and feel comfortable and relatively confident that their risk is low. But for us, for the staff thatís stuck together in cramped spaces, coming into contact with dozens or even hundreds of people in a single shift over the course of god knows how many hours, maskless people sipping and chewing and laughing and talking, weíre the ones who are going to have to risk our health and our lives. The level of stress this puts on us as restaurant workers whose jobs were already pretty damn stressful, well, it makes zero sense to me. And for tipped employees who rely on volume, working in a restaurant operating at half or lower capacity makes zero financial sense as well.

So why should we be expected to put our lives, our health, our futures, our safety at risk, to make significantly less money than we used to make, while enduring more stress, just so that people can delude themselves into pretending that the world is going back to normal with a plate of french fries and a margarita? If Iím making half of what I made before, I will have to scramble more shifts together to make ends meet, thus increasing my risk of exposure to the virus. Does this sound like a good deal to anyone?

I am not expendable. My colleagues are not expendable. Dining in a restaurant is not an essential experience. It is a luxury. And itís a luxury that no one should be indulging in right now when the harm it will cause to workers is so great. Show me data that says weíre safer now than we were before the shutdown. You canít, because there isnít any. The risk to our lives is the same. The only thing thatís changed is that now people donít care.ď

But this one's just so adorable!

Happy President Obama day!! Cheers to someone who can drink water like a human

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